May 14

What can cause Anemia?

One of the most typical problems in pediatrics is anemia. It is defined as “ a lower than normal value for the related dimensions of hemoglobin, hematocrit, and quantity of red blood cells”, usually two standard deviations below the normal to get age. Normal hematological values change with age. For a discussion which values are used click here. The most common type of anemia in childhood is iron deficiency which is commonly caused by inadequate stores (e. g. premature infant), inadequate intake (e. g. bad nutrition) or blood loss (e. g. menses). Anemia screening is recommended at age 9-12 months, and for young males and females during routine health tests. As iron deficiency is the most typical cause, often a trial of healing iron (2-6 mg/kg/day of component…

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